Minnesota's population grew by one percent between 1998 and 1999, reaching 4,775,508 on July 1, 1999. Growth rebounded strongly between 1998 and 1999, reaching its highest rate since 1993.
Minnesota remains one of the fastest-growing states in the Northeast and Midwest, according to new population estimates by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. During the past year, the only state in the Midwest or Northeast with a faster rate of growth was New Hampshire, and the only state with a larger numeric increase was Illinois. Minnesota ranks 21st nationally in total population size, but 13th in population change and 17th in rate of change last year.
Since the 1990 census, Minnesota has grown by 399,800 people. About two-thirds of this growth is due to natural increase, the difference between births and deaths. This natural increase slowed steadily from 1990 through 1996, but has fluctuated in the past three years.
Migration continues to contribute to Minnesota's population growth. Since the 1990 census, Minnesota has seen a net gain of people migrating from other states and from other countries. Roughly one-third of the state’s population growth is due to migration. Net migration to Minnesota from other states has slowed in recent years, but it strengthened in the past year. Net international migration continues to increase.
Among Minnesota's neighbors, Wisconsin increased by 0.54 percent, South Dakota by 0.32 percent, Iowa by 0.29 percent, while North Dakota dropped by 0.65 percent between 1998 and 1999. Nevada was the fastest growing state in the nation, with an increase of 3.76 percent, while California had the largest numeric increase at 462,300 people.
"In the next few months, the State Demographic Center will be preparing 1999 population and household estimates for counties, cities and townships," said state demographer Tom Gillaspy. Those estimates will be released in summer 2000.
The State Demographic Center is at Minnesota Planning, the state agency that develops long-range plans for the state and coordinates strategic planning activities among all levels of government.